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brain anatomy

Introduction to Human Brain

The human brain has been called the most complex object in the known universe. In many ways it is the final frontier of science. It is a remarkable structure that defines who we are as individuals and how we experience the world. Recent advances in neuro-imaging have allowed researchers to look inside the brain, providing vivid pictures of its sub components and their associated functions.  The outer layer of the fore-brain constitutes the familiar wrinkled tissue that is the cerebral cortex, or cortex for short. The large folds in the cortex are called gyri (from the Greek, ‘circle’). The small creases within these folds are fissures (from the Greek, ‘trench’). Each hemisphere of the cortex consists of four lobes— frontal, parietal, temporal, and occipital. Other important structures are the brain-stem, cerebellum the limbic system (which includes the amygdala and hippocampus).

An organ of soft nervous tissue contained in the skull of vertebrates, functioning as the coordinating centre of sensation and intellectual and nervous activity



  • Emotion
  • Arousal
  • Language
  • Learning
  • Memory
  • Movement
  • Perception
  • Sensation
  • Thinking

Cognitive disorders

Almost without exception, cognitive disorders correlate to multiple regions in the brain. Just as the genes and biochemicals associated with cognition are expressed throughout the brain, gross structures that correlate with cognitive disorders are widespread. Some of the disorders are ADHD, Alzheimer’s autism, bipolar disorder, depression, and schizophrenia.

What is brain


It is possible for brain to repair damaged neural networks or to compensate for the loss of function in particular structures. Common impairments resultants from brain damage include deficits in attention, emotion, language, learning, memory, movement, perception and sensation.

Parts of brain

  • Amygdala
  • Basal ganglia
  • Brainstem
  • Broca’s area
  • Cerebellum
  • Cingulate cortex
  • Corpus callosum
  • Dentate gyrus
  • Entorhinal cortex
  • Frontal lobe
  • Hippocampus
  • Hypothalamus
  • Inferior temporal gyrus
  • Limbic system
  • Medulla
  • Middle temporal gyrus
  • Occipital lobe
  • Parietal lobe
  • Perirhinal cortex
  • Pons
  • Prefrontal cortex
  • Premotor cortex
  • Primary motor cortex
  • Somatosensory cortex
  • Subiculum
  • Superior temporal gyrus
  • Temporal lobe
  • Thalamus
  • Ventricles
  • Wernicke‘s area


Introduction to human brain
Article Name
Introduction to human brain
An organ of soft nervous tissue contained in the skull of vertebrates, functioning as the coordinating centre of sensation and intellectual and nervous activity
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  1. Emanuel

    August 24, 2016 at 12:07 AM

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  2. James Right

    December 28, 2016 at 3:54 PM


  3. Oliva Binford

    March 31, 2017 at 12:39 PM

    Nicely Explained.

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